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Corporate Finance

Use of the term "corporate finance" varies considerably across the world. In the United States it is used, as above, to describe activities, analytical methods and techniques that deal with many aspects of a company's finances and capital. In the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries, the terms "corporate finance" and "corporate financier" tend to be associated with investment banking – i.e. with transactions in which capital is raised for the corporation.These may include:

- Raising seed, start-up, development or expansion capital
- Mergers, demergers, acquisitions or the sale of private companies

Mergers, demergers and takeovers of public companies, including public-to-private deals Management buy-out, buy-in or similar of companies, divisions or subsidiaries – typically backed by private equity Equity issues by companies, including the flotation of companies on a recognized stock exchange in order to raise capital for development and/or to restructure ownership Raising capital via the issue of other forms of equity, debt and related securities for the refinancing and restructuring of businesses Financing joint ventures, project finance, infrastructure finance, public-private partnerships and privatization Secondary equity issues, whether by means of private placing or further issues on a stock market, especially where linked to one of the transactions listed above.
Raising debt and restructuring debt, especially when linked to the types of transactions listed above

Corporate finance is the area of finance dealing with the sources of funding and the capital structure of corporations, the actions that managers take to increase the value of the firm to the shareholders, and the tools and analysis used to allocate financial resources. The primary goal of corporate finance is to maximize or increase shareholder value.
The terms corporate finance and corporate financier are also associated with investment banking. The typical role of an investment bank is to evaluate the company's financial needs and raise the appropriate type of capital that best fits those needs. Thus, the terms "corporate finance" and "corporate financier" may be associated with transactions in which capital is raised in order to create, develop, grow or acquire businesses, recent legal and regulatory developments will likely alter the makeup of the group of arrangers and financiers willing to arrange and provide financing for certain highly leveraged transactions.